Pipelines for Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices
The Yale Pharmaceutical Pipeline
Clinical research at Yale has led to the development of a number of medications. Some of these, like Zerit, a drug used to fight HIV infection, are already on the market, while others are undergoing testing in clinical trials.
Clinical trials are divided into phases, depending on what is being tested. In the preclinical phase, a drug is tested in the lab. In Phase I, it's tested in a small group of people to determine a safe dosage and learn about side effects. Phase II involves a larger group of people. Phase III is the final step before a drug can be marketed to the public. In this phase, it is tested in large groups of people to confirm its effectiveness, monitor side effects and compare it to other treatments. If the drug is shown to be safe and effective in Phase III clinical trials, a New Drug Application/Biologics License Application (NDA/BLA) is filed with the Food and Drug Administration. The FDA reviews the information gathered at each phase of the clinical trials before the drug is made available to the public.
In the chart below, eight of the drugs made it to Phase III clinical trials, while five of these have reached the stage where they are sold to the public.
The Yale Device and Diagnostic Pipeline
Medical devices and diagnostic tools also have to be tested in clinical trials before they can be used on patients. Several innovations developed at Yale are widely available, including a technique to detect chromosomal abnormalities and software that provides visual images of heart blood flow and function. Others, such as a blood test to detect early stage ovarian cancer and a surgical technique to stabilize the spine for patients with spinal stenosis are showing promising results in clinical studies.
The chart below shows medical devices and diagnostic tools that have been tested in clinical trials before they can be used on patients.
How will my information be used?
When you express interest in a specific study, the information from your profile will be sent to the doctor conducting that study. If you're eligible to participate, you may be contacted by a nurse or study coordinator.
If you select a health category rather than a specific study, doctors who have active studies in that area may contact you to ask if you would like to participate.
In both cases, you will be contacted by the preferred method (email or phone) that you specified in your profile.